Compose transaction

This method works only for Bitcoin and Bitcoin-like coins.

Can be used in two different ways and returned result depends on used parameters.

Requests a payment to a set of given outputs.

An automated payment process separated in to following steps:

  1. Account discovery for requested coin is performed and the user is asked for source account selection. [1]
  2. User is asked for fee level selection.
  3. Transaction is calculated, change output is added automatically if needed. [2]
  4. Signing transaction with Trezor, user is asked for confirmation on device.

Returned response is a signed transaction in hexadecimal format same as in signTransaction method.

Params:

**Optional common params**

  • outputsrequired Array of output objects described below
  • coinrequired string determines network definition specified in coins.json file. Coin shortcut, name or label can be used.
  • pushoptional boolean determines if composed transaction will be broadcasted into blockchain network. Default is set to false.
  • sequenceoptional number transaction input field used in RBF or locktime transactions

Precompose, prepare transaction to be signed by Trezor.

Skip first two steps of payment request (described above) by providing account and feeLevels params and perform only transaction calculation. [2]

The result, internally called PrecomposedTransaction is a set of params that can be used in signTransaction method afterwards.

This useful for the quick preparation of multiple variants for the same transaction using different fee levels or using incomplete data (like missing output addresses just to calculate fee)

Device and backend connection is not required for this case since all data are provided.

Params:

  • outputsrequired Array of output objects described below
  • coinrequired string determines network definition specified in coins.json file. Coin shortcut, name or label can be used.
  • accountrequired Object containing essential data, partial result of getAccountInfo method
    • path - required string
    • utxo - required Array
    • addresses - required string
  • feeLevelsrequired Array of objects. set of requested variants, partial result of blockchainEstimateFee method
    • feePerUnit - required string satoshi per transaction byte.
  • baseFeeoptional number base fee of transaction in satoshi. used in replacement transactions calculation (RBF) and DOGE
  • floorBaseFeeoptional boolean decide whenever baseFee should be floored to the nearest baseFee unit, prevents from fee overpricing. used in DOGE
  • sequenceoptional number transaction input field used in RBF or locktime transactions
  • skipPermutationoptional boolean do not sort calculated inputs/outputs (usage: RBF transactions)

Accepted output objects:

  • regular output
    • amount - required string value to send in satoshi
    • address - required string recipient address
  • send-max - spends all available inputs from account
    • type - required with send-max value
    • address - required string recipient address
  • opreturn - read more
    • type - required with opreturn value
    • dataHex - required hexadecimal string with arbitrary data
  • noaddress - incomplete output, target address is not known yet. used only in precompose
    • type - required with noaddress value
    • amount - required string value to send in satoshi
  • send-max-noaddress - incomplete output, target address is not known yet. used only in precompose
    • type - required with send-max-noaddress value

Examples

Payment example

Send 0.002 BTC to "18WL2iZKmpDYWk1oFavJapdLALxwSjcSk2"

TrezorConnect.composeTransaction({
    outputs: [
        { amount: "200000", address: "18WL2iZKmpDYWk1oFavJapdLALxwSjcSk2" }
    ]
    coin: "btc",
    push: true
});

Payment result

{
    success: true,
    payload: {
        signatures: Array<string>, // signer signatures
        serializedTx: string,      // serialized transaction
        txid?: string,             // blockchain transaction id
    }
}

Error

{
    success: false,
    payload: {
        error: string // error message
    }
}

Precompose example

Prepare multiple variants of the same transaction

TrezorConnect.composeTransaction({
    outputs: [{ amount: '200000', address: 'tb1q9l0rk0gkgn73d0gc57qn3t3cwvucaj3h8wtrlu' }],
    coin: 'btc',
    account: {
        path: "m/84'/0'/0'",
        addresses: {
            used: [
                {
                    address: 'bc1qannfxke2tfd4l7vhepehpvt05y83v3qsf6nfkk',
                    path: "m/84'/0'/0'/0/0",
                    transfers: 1,
                },
            ],
            unused: [
                {
                    address: '',
                    path: "m/84'/0'/0'/0/1",
                    transfers: 0,
                },
            ],
            change: [
                {
                    address: 'bc1qktmhrsmsenepnnfst8x6j27l0uqv7ggrg8x38q',
                    path: "m/84'/0'/0'/1/0",
                    transfers: 0,
                },
            ],
        },
        utxo: [
            {
                txid: '86a6e02943dcd057cfbe349f2c2274478a3a1be908eb788606a6950e727a0d36',
                vout: 0,
                amount: '300000',
                blockHeight: 590093,
                address: 'bc1qannfxke2tfd4l7vhepehpvt05y83v3qsf6nfkk',
                path: "m/84'/0'/0'/0/0",
                confirmations: 100,
            },
        ],
    },
    feeLevels: [{ feePerUnit: '1' }, { feePerUnit: '5' }, { feePerUnit: '30' }],
});

Precompose result

{
    success: true,
    payload: [
        {
            type: 'final',
            totalSpent: '200167',
            fee: '167',
            feePerByte: '1',
            bytes: 167,
            transaction: {
                inputs: [
                    {
                        address_n: [84 | 0x80000000, 1 | 0x80000000, 0 | 0x80000000, 0, 0],
                        amount: "300000",
                        prev_hash: "86a6e02943dcd057cfbe349f2c2274478a3a1be908eb788606a6950e727a0d36",
                        prev_index: 0,
                        script_type: "SPENDWITNESS",
                    }
                ],
                outputs: [
                    {
                        address_n: [84 | 0x80000000, 1 | 0x80000000, 0 | 0x80000000, 1, 0],
                        amount: "99833",
                        script_type: "PAYTOWITNESS",
                    },
                    {
                        address: 'tb1q9l0rk0gkgn73d0gc57qn3t3cwvucaj3h8wtrlu',
                        amount: '200000',
                        script_type: 'PAYTOADDRESS',
                    }
                ],
                outputsPermutation: [1, 0],
            }
        },
        {
            type: 'final',
            totalSpent: '200835',
            fee: '835',
            feePerByte: '5',
            bytes: 167,
            transaction: {
                inputs: [{ ... }],
                outputs: [{ ... }],
                outputsPermutation: [],
            }
        },
        {
            type: 'error',
        }
    ]
}

For more examples see

Additional notes

  • [1] UI.SELECT_ACCOUNT and UI.SELECT_FEE events are emitted when using trusted mode
  • [2] Account utxo selection, fee and change calculation is performed by @trezor/utxo-lib module