Suite uses react-intl package for all in-app localization needs. Definitions of all messages are stored in messages.ts.

To allow non-developers to edit these messages through user-friendly interface, we upload them to Crowdin via their CLI.

After strings have been translated we use Crowdin CLI again to download the translated json files to suite-data package. To finish the process these files need to be committed to the repository.

Message definitions

messages.ts is the place where you add new messages to be used in Suite. It's basically just a huge object where a key is an ID of the message and a value is the message definition.

Do not manually edit language json files in suite-data/files/translations/ directory. These are auto-generated, changing them directly is plausible only for development purposes.


  • id: We don't have strict conventions for generating these IDs, although using a prefix TR_, or expanded variant TR_<SCOPE>, where scope is, for example, "ONBOARDING" is really handy. ID must be the same as the object's key.
  • defaultMessage: Used as a source string for translator. It's also a text that is shown in the app as a fallback till someone changes/improves it in Crowdin.
  • description: Optional. Useful for describing the context in which the message occurs, especially if it is not clear from a defaultMessage field.


      id: 'TR_ADDRESS',
      defaultMessage: 'Address',
      description: 'Used as label for receive/send address input',

Usage in Suite

To render a message use our wrapper for react-intl's FormattedMessage, Translation. It will always return JSX.Element. If, for some reason, you need to render the message as a string (for example for passing it as a placeholder prop to an input) use useTranslation hook.

Translation accepts the same parameters as FormattedMessage and adds a little bit of magic.

Most straightforward usage is to just pass message's ID to id prop:

<Translation id="TR_CONTINUE" />

or for string variant using hook:

const { translationString } = useTranslation();

There are cases where you need to pass a variable which needs to be part of the translated message:

<Translation id="TR_ENTERED_PIN_NOT_CORRECT" values={{ deviceLabel: device.label }} />

or for string variant using hook:

const { translationString } = useTranslation();
translationString('TR_ENTERED_PIN_NOT_CORRECT', { deviceLabel: device.label });


    defaultMessage: 'Entered PIN for "{deviceLabel}" is not correct',

Sometimes you need to provide a translator the ability to emphasize some words in a sentence AKA rich text formatting. In this example a text enclosed in <strong> will be wrapped in StrongStyling component.

        strong: chunks => <StrongStyling>{chunks}</StrongStyling>, // search string is wrapped in strong tag for additional styling


      'Tip: You can use the greater than (>) and lesser than (<) symbols on amount searches. For example <strong>> 1</strong> will show all transactions that have an amount of 1 or higher.',

For even more shenanigans (like handling plural form) check this great overview on ICU Message syntax.

Translation mode

Section shamelessly stolen from Crowdin contributions.

There's a hidden feature in Suite, intended for translators, called Translation mode that redirects you into Crowdin upon clicking any particular string. This is immensely handy in comparison to blindly translating strings within Crowdin as it allows you to understand the context of a certain string before being taken to Crowdin to translate it.

  1. Go to Settings in Suite
  2. Rapidly click on the "Settings" heading 5 times
  3. Click the three dot context menu on the right
  4. "Debug Settings" should've appeared. Click it. If "Debug Settings" hasn't appeared, repeat step 2.
  5. Enable "Translation mode"

After enabling it each string, which is rendered via Translation component, is now underlined with red and shows a popup with the message's ID when you hover the mouse over it.

To join the ranks of translators follow Crowdin contributions guide.

Synchronization with Crowdin

With the automated CI job from GitHub.

Navigate to the Crowdin translations update action and trigger manual job with a base branch develop Before triggering the job, make sure there is no pull request already opened with the title Crowdin translations update

Action will create a pull request with the title Crowdin translations update, review it and merge.


All work could be done with shortcuts defined in package.json scripts section. In order to interact with Crowdin you need to ask the project owner for access token and either store it in your $HOME/.crowdin.yml file:

'api_token': xxxx

or, alternatively, add it as an option for each called script:

yarn workspace @trezor/suite translations:download --token xxxx


To extract message definitions from Suite into master.json file run:

yarn workspace @trezor/suite translations:extract

The newly created master.json file is generated from messages.ts and serves only as a base for translations in Crowdin, therefore it is not committed into Git repository.


To upload extracted master.json file with updated message definitions from Suite to Crowdin run:

yarn workspace @trezor/suite translations:upload

You can even do that from your branch with messages that are not yet merged in develop branch, just be sure you have rebased your branch on latest develop before doing so. This process replaces all definitions in Crowdin, meaning if your branch is missing some definitions, that are already in develop branch and uploaded in Crowdin, they will be removed.


To download new translations from Crowdin run:

yarn workspace @trezor/suite translations:download

and then open a PR with updated language files.

Workflow for regular Crowdin Synchronization


git checkout develop
git pull
git checkout -b $BRANCH_NAME

# Extract message definitions from Suite
yarn workspace @trezor/suite translations:extract
# Upload to sync the key set.
yarn workspace @trezor/suite translations:upload
# Download to fetch values for all keys.
yarn workspace @trezor/suite translations:download

git add packages/suite-data/files/translations
git commit -m 'feat(translations): Sync with Crowdin'
git push origin $BRANCH_NAME

Plus creating, reviewing and merging the PR.