Reproducible build

We want to invite the wider community to participate in the verification of the firmware built by SatoshiLabs. With reasonable effort you should be able to build the firmware and verify that it's identical to the official firmware.

Trezor Firmware uses Nix, Poetry and Cargo to make the build environment deterministic. We also provide a Docker-based script so that the build can be performed with a single command on usual x86 Linux system.


First you need to determine which version tag you want to build:

  • for Trezor One it is legacy/vX.Y.Z, e.g. legacy/v1.10.3,
  • for Trezor Model T it is core/vX.Y.Z, e.g. core/v2.4.2.

Assuming you want to build core/v2.4.2:

  1. install Docker
  2. clone the firmware repository: git clone
  3. go into the firmware directory: cd trezor-firmware
  4. checkout the version tag: git checkout core/v2.4.2
  5. run: bash core/v2.4.2

After the build finishes the firmware images are located in:

  • build/legacy/firmware/firmware.bin and build/legacy-bitcoinonly/firmware/firmware.bin for Trezor One,
  • build/core/firmware/firmware.bin and build/core-bitcoinonly/firmware/firmware.bin for Trezor Model T.


The result won't be bit-by-bit identical with the official images because the official images are signed while local builds aren't. Official release of Trezor One firmware also has additional 256-byte legacy header that needs to be removed first.

Trezor T

The firmware header contains 65 bytes of signature data at offset 0x15bf. After overwriting it by zeros in official release the binaries should become identical.


# the following line removes 65 bytes of signature data from the official firmware
dd if=/dev/zero of=trezor-2.4.2.bin bs=1 seek=5567 count=65 conv=notrunc

# the following two lines print out the hashes of the firmwares
sha256sum trezor-2.4.2.bin
sha256sum build/core/firmware/firmware.bin

Trezor One

Official T1 firmware starts with 256-byte legacy header used for compatibility with old bootloaders. Locally built firmware doesn't have this header.


# strip legacy header
tail -c +257 trezor-1.10.3.bin > trezor-1.10.3-nolegacyhdr.bin

The v2 header has 3x65 bytes of signature data at offset 0x220. Overwrite by zeros to obtain image identical to the one built locally.

dd if=/dev/zero of=trezor-1.10.3-nolegacyhdr.bin bs=1 seek=544 count=195 conv=notrunc

sha256sum trezor-1.10.3-nolegacyhdr.bin
sha256sum build/legacy/firmware/firmware.bin

Note: Fingerprints displayed for T1 at the end of do not match fingerprints of official firmware due to the legacy header.

Note: T1 firmware built this way won't boot because unsigned firmware needs to be built with MEMORY_PROTECT=0.